• Fauzie Hasibuan Pusat Survei Geologi
  • Alex Limbong Pusat Survei Geologi



A geological and paleontological studies on the Balangbaru and Marada Formations has been carried out. Both formations show that their depositional environment was in basin with turbidity currents. Marada Formation can be correlated with Panggalungan Member of the distal part of the Balangbaru Formation. Paleontological study on the Balangbaru Formation has yielded some macrofossils such as echinoid, bivalve Inoceramus sp., ammonite Grossouvreites sp. Marada Formation contains trace fossil Spirorhaphe sp. and species of nannoplankton have been extracted from the shale e.g. Ceratolithoides aculeus, C. kamptneri, Lucianorhabdus cayeuxii, L. arcuatus, L. maleformis, Micula murus, M. concava Lithraphidites quadratus, and Prediscosphaera sp. Based on the presence of macrofossils, nannoplankton, and radiolarian fossils of previous workers it can be concluded that the deposition of the Balangbaru and Marada Formations was in Albian to Maastrichtian (Late Early Cretaceous to Late Cretaceous) time.

Keywords: echinoid, bivalvia, ammonite, trace fossil, nannoplankton, radiolarian turbidite


Download data is not yet available.


Arkell, W.J., Furnish, W.M., Kummel, B., Miller, A.K., Moore, R.C., Schindewolf, O.H., Sylvester-Bradley, P.C., and Wright, C.W., 1968. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part L: Mollusca 4, Cepahalopoda, Ammonoidea. Geol. Soc. Amer. & Univ. Kansas Press.

Aubouin, J. 1965. Geosyncl ines developments in geotectonics. Elsevier, Amsterdam: 335 p.

Audley-Charles, M.G., 1976. Mesozoic evolution of the margins of Tethys in Indonesia and the Philippines. Proc. 5th Ann. Conv. Indon. Petrol. Assoc. 2: 25-52

Crimes, T.P., 1975. The Stratigraphic Significant of Trace Fossils. In: The Study of Trace Fossils (Robert W. Frey ed .), Springer - Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg New York.

Hantzschel, W., 1975. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Miscellanea, Suppl. 1, Trace Fossils and Problematica. Geol. Soc Amer. Inc. and Univ. Kansas.

Hasan, K., 1990. The Upper Cretaceous Flysch Succession of the Balangbaru Formation, Southwest Sulawesi, Indonesia. Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, Univ. London .. Ph.D. Thesis. Tidak diterbitkan.

Hasan, K., 1991. The Upper Cretaceous Flysch Succession of the Balangbaru Formation, Southwest Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proc. Indon Petrol. Assoc. 20th Ann. Gonv.: 183-208 .

Hasan, K., 1992. Post Convention Field Trip Southwest Su lawesi. Puslitbang Geiologi Bandung, tidak diterbitkan.

Hasibuan, F., 2001. Ostrea (Turkostrea) doidoiensis n.sp. from the Middle Eocene of Malawa Formation, South Sulawesi. Proc. Indon. Assoc. Geol. Geosea 2001, Ann. Reg. Gongr. Jogjakarta.

Hasibuan, F., 2006. Ostrea (Turkostrea) doidoiensis Hasibuan from the Bayah Formation, West Jawa: A new find. Jurnal Sumber Oaya Geologi XVI( 1): 16-29.

Hasibuan, F., 2009. Lingkungan Pengendapan Formasi Malawa, Sulawesi Selatan berdasarkan kandungan makro fosil. Jurn. Sumber Oaya Geologi 19(2): 95-1006.

Kati Ii, J .A., 1978. Past and present tecton ic position of Su lawesi, Indonesia. Tectonophysics 45: 289-322. Lombart, A., 1960. Les laminitis et la stratification du flysch. Arch. Scie. (Geneva) 13: 567-570.

Noda, M., 1975. Succession of Inoceramus in the Upper Cretaceous of Southwest Japan. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ. Sera O. Geol. XXIII(2): 211-261.

Seilacher, A., 1977. Pattern analysis of Paleodictyon and related trace fossils. In: Trace fossils 2. Geol Journ. Spec. Issue 9. Liverpool Geological Society.

Sissingh, W., 1977. Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton. Geol. Mijnbouw 56(1): 37-65. Sukamto, R., 1975a. Perkembangan tektonik di Sulawesi dan daerah sekitarnya suatu sintesis perkembangan berdasarkan tektonik lempeng. Majalah IAG/.

Sukamto, R., 1975b. The structure of Sulawesi in the light of plate tectonics. Proceeding of the Regional Conference on the Geology and Mineral Resources of South East Asia, Jakarta: 1-25.

Su kamto, R., 1982. Geologi Lembar Pangkajene dan Watampone Bagian Barat, Sulawesi, Skala 1: 250.000. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi Bandung.

Sukamto, R.,. 1986. Tektonik Sulawesi Selatan- dengan acuan khusus ciri-ciri himpunan batuan daerah Bantimala. Desertasi Doktor, ITB, tidak diterbitkan.

Sukamto, R.& Supriatna, S., 1982. Geologi Lembar Ujungpandang, Benteng dan Sinjai, Sulawesi, Skala 1:250.000. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi Bandung.

Tjia, H. D., 1993. Quaternary palaeogeography of the Indonesian Archipelago resulting from crustal movement. Internat. Cont. on Human Paleoecology, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Van Leeuwen, Th. M., 1981. The geology of southwest Sulawesi with specialreference to the Biru area. In: The geology and tectonics of Eastern Indonesia. (A.J. Barber & S. Wiryosujono (eds.), GROC Spec. Publication 2: 277-304.

Visser, W.A. & Hermes, J.J., 1962. Geological results of the exploration for oil in Nederlands Nieuw Guinea. Trans. Roy. Neth. Geol. Min. Soc. 20: 265 p.

Wakita, K., Munasri, Sopaheluwakan, J., Zulkarnain, I., dan Miyazaki, K., 1994. In: Tectonic Evolution Of South East Asia (eds. R. Hall & D.J. Blundell). Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 106: 353-364.

Wakita, K., Sopaheluwakan, J., Miyazaki, K., Zulkarnain, I., dan Munasri,1996. In: Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia (. Early Cretaceous tectonic events implied in time-lag between the age of radiolarian chert and its metamorphic basement in Bantimala area, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Island Arc 3: 90-102.

Wilson, M.E.J, 1995. Evolution and Hydrocarbon Potential of The Tertiary Tonasa Limestone Formation, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Proc. Indon. Petrol. Assoc 25th, Silver aniv.conv 227 -240.