• Fauzie Hasibuan Pusat Survei Geologi



Terebellina mackayi is an annelid fossil species which forms a tubular agglutinated body. It is a Middle Triassic taxon which has a common distribution in the world and has been recorded from Sumatera, Thailand, Misool, Timor, and New Zealand. A collection of small sized specimens of the species from the Keskain Formation (Misool) of Anisian to Ladinian age is here redescribed and a global correlation is attempted. Terebellina mackayi is commonly found in a random orientation of distribution within beds. The organism which is constructed of tubular shape remains enigmatic but was probably suspension feeder rather than browser, deposit feeder or active predator. Terebellina mackayi lived in a fine grained black silt substrate (infauna) rich in organic detritus.


Keywords: Keskain Formation, Annelid, Terebellina mackayi, Anisian, Ladinian


Download data is not yet available.


Andrews, P.B., 1974. Deltaic sediments, Upper Triassic Torlesse Supergroup, Broken River, North Canterbury. N.Z. Journ. Geol. Geophys. 17: 881-905.

Bather, F.A., 1905. The Mount Torlesse annelid. Geological Magazine (London) 2(12): 532-541.

Begg, J.G., Cave, M.P. and Campbell, J.D., 1983. Terebellina mackayi Bather in Oretian rocks, Wairaki Hills, Southland (Note). N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 26: 121-122.

Campbell, J.D. and Warren, G., 1965. Fossil localities of the Torlesse Group in the South Island. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. 99: 5-100.

Campbell, J.K. and Campbell, J.D., 1970. Triassic tube fossils from Tupaeka rocks, Akatore, South Otago. N.Z. Journ. Geol. Geophys. 13: 392-399.

Cave, M.P., 1982a. Sedimentology, paleontology and structure of Torlesse rocks, and the geological hazards of Arthur's Pass National Park. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Geological Depatment, Auckland University, New Zealand.

Cave, M.P., 1982b. Paleoecology and biostratonomy of the Upper Triassic tube fossils Titahia corrugata and Terebellina mackayi. Mauri Ora 10: 35-41.

Chonglakmani, C., 1981. The systematic and biostratigraphy of Triassic bivalves and ammonites of Thailand. Unpubl. Ph.D.Thesis, Auckland Univ. New Zealand.

Diener, C., 1908. Ladinic, Carnic, and Noric fauna of Spiti. Mem. Geol. Surv. India. Ser. XV(V)3, Tab. 1-24. Force, L.M. and Force, E.R., 1978. Triassic rocks of the Black Forest-Haldon area, MacKenzie Country, South Island, New Zealand. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 21: 747-760.

Hasibuan, F., 1987. The Triassic worm-tube Terebellina mackayi Bather from Indonesia. Geol. Soc. N.Z. Misc.Publ. 37A.

Hasibuan, F., 1991. Mesozoic Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Misool Archipelago, Indonesia. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Geology Department, Auckland University, New Zealand.

Hicks, D.M., 1981. Deep-sea fan sediments in the Torlesse zone, Lake Ohau, South Canterbury, New Zealand. N.Z. Journ. Geol. Geophys. 24: 209-230.

Hirsch, Par. F,. 1977. Essai de correlation biostratigraphique des niveaux mesoet Neotriasiques de facies <> du domaine sepharade. Cuadevuos geologia Iberiea 4: 511-526. Madrid.

Jaworski, E., 1915. Die Fauna der obertriadischen Nuculamergel von Misol. Pälaeont. Timor 2: 75-174. Kobayashi, T., 1964. On the Triassic Daonella Beds in Central Pahang, Malaya. Geol. Paleont. S.E. Asia 1: 53- 67.

Kobayashi, T. and Tokuyama, A., 1959. The Halobiid from Thailand. Journ. Fac. Scie. Univ. Tokyo Sect. 2, 12(1): 27-30.

Kobayashi, T. and Tamura, M., 1984. The Triassic Bivalvia of Malaysia, Thailand and Adjacent Areas. Geol. Paleont. Of S.E. Asia, XXV: 201-227.

Pigram, C.J., Challinor, A.B., Hasibuan, F., Rusmana, E. and Hartono, U., 1981. Lithostratigraphy of the Misool Archipelago, Irian Jaya. Geol. Res. Centre Report, unpubl.

Pigram, C.J., Challinor, A.B., Hasibuan, F., Rusmana, E., and Hartono, U., 1982a. Geological results of the 1981 expedition to the Misool Archipelago, Irian Jaya. Bull. Geol. Res. Dev. Centre 6: 18-29.

Pigram, C.J., Challinor, A.B., Hasibuan, F., Rusmana, E., and Hartono, U., 1982b. Lithostratigraphy of the Misool Archipelago, Irian Jay. Geol. Mijnb. 61: 265-279.

Rusmana, E., Hartono, U., and Pigram, C.J., 1982. Preliminary Geological Map of the Misool Quadrangle, Irian Jaya. Geol. Res. Dev. Centre.

Simbolon, B., Martodjojo, S., and Gunawan, R., 1984. Geology and Hydrocarbon Prospects of the Pre Tertiary th System of Misool Area. Proc. 13 Ann. Conv. Indon. Petrol Assoc. 1(13): 317-340.

Skwarko, S.K., 1973. On the discovery of Halobiidae (Bivalvia Triassic) in New Guinea. B.M.R. Geol. Geophys. Bull. Paleont. Paper126: 521-54. Paleont. Pap.

Speden, I.G., 1976. Fossil localities in Torlesse rocks of the North Island, New Zealand. Journ. Roy. Soc. N.Z. 6: 73-91.

Smith, J.P., 1914. Middle Triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America. U.S.Geol.Surv. Prof. Paper. 83: 1-254.

Ulrich, H.O., 1904. Fossils and age of Yakutat Formation. Description of collections made chiefly near Kodiak, Alaska. Harriman Alaska Expedition, Smithsonian Institute 4: 125-146.

Vu-Khuc, Dagyx, A.X., Dagys, A.S., Kiparisova, V.D., Nguyen, N.B., Bao, T.C., and Srebrodolskaia, I.N., 1965. Les Fossiles caracteristiques du Trias du Nord Viêt-Nam. Direction Générale de Géologie de la R.D.V. Hanoi.

Wanner, J., 1910. Beiträge zur geologischen Kenntnis der Insel Misol (Niederländisch Ost-Indien). Ned Aardr. Genootschap Tijdschr. 27: 469-500.

Wanner, J., 1931. Mesozoikum. Leid. Geol. Meded. 5: 567-609. Alaska, Jurassic